Cabbage’s Multifaceted Health Benefits: Detox, Cancer Inhibition, and Traditional Medicinal Significance

Cabbage activates detoxifying enzymes in the liver, eliminating carcinogenic toxicity, and inhibiting cancer occurrence and cell proliferation. Beyond these benefits, it purifies the blood, aiding in preventing myocardial infarction and stroke. It regulates intestinal bacteria, enhancing immunity; vitamin C assists in interferon production, strengthening the immune system. Apart from its characteristics like cold resistance, disease resistance, easy storage, high yield, cabbage is highly esteemed for its medicinal effects.

In traditional Chinese medicine, cabbage is considered neutral in nature and sweet in taste, attributed to the spleen and stomach meridians. It nourishes bone marrow, moistens internal organs, dispels stagnation, clears heat, and relieves pain. It is used for conditions like poor sleep, excessive dreaming, poor vision and hearing, restricted joint movement, and epigastric pain. The Ming Dynasty’s “Compendium of Materia Medica” suggests that long-term consumption of cabbage benefits the liver, kidneys, fills the marrow sea, benefits the five viscera and six bowels, benefits the joints, opens the meridians, clears stagnation, improves hearing and vision, strengthens cardiac function, and fortifies muscles and bones. It has a sweet and neutral taste and is effective in clearing heat and relieving pain, especially in treating gastric and duodenal ulcers.

The phytochemical glucosinolate (benzyl isothiocyanate, phenethyl isothiocyanate) present in cabbage, which contributes to its pungent taste when consumed raw, activates detoxifying enzymes in the liver, eliminating the toxicity of carcinogens. Additionally, glucosinolate induces natural death (apoptosis) of colon or prostate cancer cells, inhibiting cancer occurrence and cell proliferation.

Moreover, glucosinolate also inhibits platelet function, preventing blood clots, purifying the blood, and aiding in the prevention of myocardial infarction and stroke.

Rich in dietary fiber, cabbage helps regulate intestinal bacteria, enhancing immunity. Vitamin C aids in interferon production, strengthening the immune system.